Evaluating The Literature
or What is Critical Appraisal?
“Critical appraisal is the process of carefully and systematically examining research to judge its trustworthiness, and its value and relevance in a particular context” – Amanda Burls
It is an essential skill for evidence-based practice.
Demystifies evidence-based medicine and explains how to critically appraise published research and also put the findings into practice.
The doctor’s guide to critical appraisal. Gosall, Narinder Kaur and Gosall, Gurpal Singh (2012) [book]
Used by doctors, dentists, nurses, psychologists, pharmacists and students worldwide, this book will help you to stay up-to-date with the latest evidence, prepare journal club presentations and plan research projects. Every chapter focuses on a single topic, assuming no prior knowledge. Clinical scenarios, figures and exercises emphasise important principles.
Medical statistics made easy. Michael Harris (Author), Gordon Taylor (Author) (2014)
It is a book of key statistics principles for anyone studying or working in medicine and healthcare who needs a basic overview of the
subject. Using a consistent format, the authors describe the most common statistical
methods in turn and then rate them on how difficult they are to understand and how common they are. Includes worked examples.
Bad Science Ben Goldacre (2008) is well worth reading for a general overview of medical research.
The first step is recognising the study design (e.g. systematic review, randomised control trial, case-control study, qualitative study etc.).
The research methods used in the study are then assessed.
There are various checklists of questions that are commonly used according to the study design
A part of assessing papers in looking at the results reported and the associated statistical calculations made:
What is an NNT? (Numbers needed to treat) – Bandolier
Bandolier Glossary -includes definitions and brief explanations of statistical terms
Understanding research evidence – A series of videos from McMasters Uni about medical statistics